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HSG (Hystero Salpingo Graphy)

What is Hystero Salpingo Graphy (HSG) ?


Hystero Salpingo Graphy (HSG) is an X-ray procedure that is used to view the inside of the uterus and fallopian tubes. It often is used to see if the fallopian tubes are partly or fully blocked. It also can show if the inside of the uterus is of a normal size and shape. All of these problems can lead to infertility and pregnancy problems.

HSG also is used a few months after some tubal sterilization procedures to make sure that the fallopian tubes have been completely blocked. HSG is not done if a woman has any of the following conditions:

  • Pregnancy
  • Pelvic infection
  • Heavy uterine bleeding at the time of the procedure


What Tests Check for Blocked Fallopian Tubes?


If you’re a woman trying to have a baby, you probably know that there are many parts of your body that have to work just right. Your ovaries need to produce an egg every month, called ovulation, your uterus has to be in good shape, and your fallopian tubes have to be open.

If any one of these important parts isn’t functioning correctly, you might have trouble getting pregnant.

If your fallopian tubes are blocked, sperm won’t be able to reach your egg or the fertilized egg won’t be able to get into your uterus. Blocked tubes can happen for several different reasons, but no matter the cause, your doctor will diagnose it with a test called a hysterosalpingogram.